The Internet of Things (IoT) is entering a phase in which massive IoT deployments are becoming the centre stage, as these IoT devices, sensors, wearables, and nodes are digitising cities, industries, and healthcare. This reality brings many benefits like predictive maintenance, cost-efficiency, sustainability, workforce safety, and new revenue opportunities. In short, we have entered the Industry 4.0 revolution.
Currently, and in the next coming years, the introduction of IoT into the markets mentioned above and societies has the potential to provide people, workers, and the planet with better standards of living. It results in optimising people’s and workers’ time and the apparent possibility of reaching the United Nations (UN’s) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Another critical factor that has accelerated digitalisation is the Covid-19 pandemic that forced many professionals to work from home.
This is a scenario that these two visionaries, Mattias Bergstrom and Chris Bijou, see as the Internet of Everything. A new paradigm shift where digitalisation becomes a holistic approach that needs to be harnessed through innovative technology with the capability to manage the exponential digital data growth. This point of view comes to the minds of Mattias, the Lead Product Architect, and Chairman, and Chris, CEO, of Internet of Everything Corporation, due to the constant problems that present solutions, stubble upon with massive IoT projects.
Identifying the problems large IoT projects face
It is essential to pinpoint today’s solutions to identify the issues massive IoT deployments face. And these generally come from cloud services providers (CSP), server centres that service storage, management, analysis, and digital data processing. An option that has gained traction and has become the way to go for companies, governments, and cities but has proven unsuitable for extensive IoT development after some years.
As Mattias indicates, “When we looked at the IoT development, we noticed one destructive factor for future deployments, and that is that you are always moving the data to a centralised point.”
This centralised model results in decision-makers analysing CSP for digitalisation of cities, industries, and societies on the costs, reliability, data security and privacy, scalability, and sustainability. A situation that comes because using CSP’s centralised model, where the data generated by the source has to travel to an undefined point, opens the door to certain risks. In practical terms, the risks translate into security and privacy vulnerabilities that cybercriminals and cyberterrorists can attack. Other troubles are the lack of assurance of real-time data to information on a 24/7 basis and the unforeseen cloud computing costs.
Dealing with these risks in city infrastructure or healthcare systems is unacceptable as it is critical data generation. Therefore, the possibility of a cyberattack or latency can result in disastrous outcomes, putting city-dwellers’ and patients’ lives at risk.
As well as having to deal with the CSP unforeseen sustainability costs, reckoning on the economic and eco-friendly costs. As server centres require cooling systems to dissipate servers’ heat and the skyrocketing bills from high peaks of data generation within cities or hospitals. We must remember that:
- Servers lose one-third of the energy as heat
- A high-tier data centre can hold over 2.5M servers
- IoT devices are expected to generate over 79 zettabytes of data by 2025
Acknowledging this combination and the risks that come with it, it is necessary to provide citizens, industry leaders, and the planet with another path. A path that Mattias and Chris have been developing and now presenting to the world is the IoT Cloud Alternative, IoE Eden 1.0 System.
IoE Eden 1.0 System to accelerate massive IoT deployment
IoE Eden 1.0 System is a technological breakthrough based on a decentralised virtual autonomous software infrastructure with onsite device clustering. This technology overcomes these massive IoT deployment challenges by basing the Eden design on a decentralised model based on scalable device clustering. A solution that can process data to information locally in the Eden Edge Cluster, and in this way, raw data never needs to be pushed to the public cloud. A compute efficient and cost-effective model by saving on bandwidth and external resources.
IoE Eden 1.0 is developed with quantum-safe tunnels using polymorphic encryption keys for access regarding the system’s security. For data validation, Mattias and Chris used a blockchain with consensus to verify the data moved between the nodes over the tunnels, thus creating trusted data online private gardens, achieving data trust in Zero-Trust environments. The orchestration of computing and storage is done via service manifests that describe services rules, policies, and logic. An autonomous knowledge-based AI manages the underlying orchestration mechanics, using network consensus over the blockchain as a deciding mechanism.
The practical solutions that this groundbreaking technology provides to massive IoT projects resume as:
- Security and privacy – The decentralised nature of the infrastructure eliminates security risks
- Cost-efficient – Keeping data onsite eliminates CSP storage, processing, and transport costs
- Assures real-time – As there’s no need to move data from the source, real-time is possible
- Sustainable – Decentralised clustering does not require cooling systems
- Scalable – IoE Eden is not monolithic; thus, there are no default solutions; everything is optional and pluggable
Applying IoE Eden 1.0 System in massive IoT projects
When IoE Eden 1.0 is applied to large IoT deployments, what is being provided is informed infrastructure for smart cities, healthcare, or buildings. As Chris Bijou and Mattias Bergstrom have encountered on multiple occasions, the idea of smart resides in the psyche of decision-makers as a smartphone application. But what IoE Corp provides with IoE Eden is the possibility to extract from infrastructure valuable information on a real-time 24/7 basis, to be sent to specific professionals or devices precisely when required.
For example, IoE informed infrastructure could predict potholes through AI-driven data like traffic density and service it to traffic management. In healthcare, IoE informed infrastructure analyses air quality to determine its purity, offering hospitals an alert measure to quickly isolate and purify air-infected areas. Water treatment plants benefit from IoE informed infrastructure as leakage prediction is possible; thus, predictive maintenance reduces costs.
All this is done through a well-thought-after sustainable computing approach, helping to reduce carbon emissions and reducing the costs of AI and computing processing, which can be extremely heavy and wasteful of CPU if not adequately planned. For example, a traffic intersection is generally empty but has short periods of intense rushes; constantly using full computing is automatically wasteful.
This is why the founders of Internet of Everything Corporation understand that using floating windows for pattern mining in data streams is many times more energy-efficient than processing all the data. In this way, as a pattern is identified, computing kicks in, which is especially efficient in massive IoT as the data generated that needs to be refined into information is not constant but bursting, like in an intersection.
Another vital part of the technology used for IoE Eden’s sustainability is the computing language choice. The first one wastes less energy between the two primary options of computing languages (compiled and interpreted). The choice of computing language for IoE Eden is Rust, which is fast, low-resource, and as it is compiled, it is cross-platform.
In the case of the hardware, if servers lose one-third of their power from heat, then what can be done. The solution that Chris and Mattias came up with is that servers are not essential. “The benefit with IoT installations is that we have access to computing power at the installation. By clustering IoT devices to compute clusters, heat generation can be limited as computing is balanced over the devices. As the devices in an IoT installation are spread out, the heat is not generated in one room. Using power-aware compute clusters, the compute load can be balanced so that none of the devices run hot.” says Mattias.
As a whole, IoE Eden provides large IoT projects with a cost-efficient, sustainable service, secures data, offers data privacy, and provides flexible solutions that can be easily scaled.
What does the future hold for these founders?
Coming to an end, we ask ourselves, what does the future hold for these two founders and their technological innovation. The potential is enormous, but we will have to wait and see. But we asked them what their vision of the future is, and Chris Bijou, IoE Corp’s CEO, says, “I can’t overstate the importance of our partner ecosystem, for them and us. The Internet of Everything virgin market is bigger than any one company could ever service. It’s becoming a Multi-Trillion dollar market with nearly unlimited opportunities as every industry is being transformed.” So for the founders of Internet of Everything Corporation, their ultimate immediate goal is “supporting our global partner ecosystem is the priority,” Chris Bijou indicates.